Posts Tagged 'Concrete'

Self-Healing Concrete

Reposted from the 9/2/10 ASEE First Bell:

Bacteria Could Be Key To Self-Healing Concrete.

New Scientist (9/2, McAlpine) reports, “Concrete could soon be healing its own hairline fractures” through the incorporation of bacteria. And whereas water exacerbates the damage of cracks in regular concrete, in this new design it would be part of the healing process, serving to activate the bacteria. Researchers at Delft University of Technology, in the Netherlands, found “some strains of Bacillus” that could thrive in the high pH environment of concrete and remain dormant for long periods of time. “To keep the spores from activating in the wet concrete mix, and to keep them and their calcium lactate food from affecting the quality of the concrete, [the researchers] first set both into ceramic pellets 2 to 4 millimetres wide and then added them to the concrete.” The pellets crack when the concrete does, and when activated the bacteria “combine the calcium with oxygen and carbon dioxide to form calcite.”

Bridge in a Backpack

Reposted with permission from “The Infrastructurist: America Under Construction” by Jebediah Reed, 8/19/09:

Read the full article and see more pictures here.

building-backpack-bridge1

The structure itself is the brainchild of an engineer named Habib Dhagger, who devised a process for building a bridge out of things that look like giant carbon fiber socks. When it’s time for construction to start, one simply inflates the socks, treats the fabric with a hardening epoxy resin, and then fills the resulting tubes with concrete. Voila!, you’ve got the skeleton of your bridge. You essentially just throw on a plastic deck, pave it, and you’re ready to go. With Dagher’s technology, it’s suddenly possible to construct highway bridges in a few days, instead of a few weeks or months as those tedious old non-backpack bridges require.

One of these backpack bridges–so named because a carbon sock can fit in a backpack–was put up in rural Maine earlier this year, and was much celebrated there as something that might bring lots of jobs and other peoples’ money to the state. Now it is in the news again because on Monday our Secretary of Transportation, Ray LaHood, went up to Maine pay homage to it. (Though, sadly, he didn’t blog about it.)

Not unimportant in these days of government red ink: Dagher expects the backpack bridge will eventually cost about 20 percent less to build. Admittedly, the one that’s already been built–a 44-foot span near Pittsfield–came in $581,000, which was merely “comparable” to a regular bridge. (In the lexicon of homo economus, that tends to mean “somewhat more expensive.”)

On a lifetime basis, though, it would seem to be a great bargain even at that price. Dagher estimates that his bridge will last two or three times as long as regular bridges. Primarily this is because the concrete isn’t exposed in elements. Also, there’s no steel rebar or structural steel–which are expensive and also degrade–required because the carbon socks are very strong.

As Dagher told a local paper: “You know what happens to concrete and rebar with the environment in Maine. Water gets in there and it cracks, it freezes, and breaks up the concrete. Now water can’t get in there. The concrete is completely protected from the environment so bridges can last quite a bit longer.”

We tried to reach Dr. Dagher in Maine to get more juicy quotes like that, but apparently he’s out of the country and can’t talk to us.

From other media organizations though we know that Maine is considering building a 500 foot bridge using a version of this technology as well as several other smaller ones around the state. Massachusetts is also sniffing around and might be a buyer.

For those intrigued by the process, here are more pictures of the construction process for these newfangled bridges. We will note sadly, though, that there aren’t any pictures that actually involve putting one of the unhardened carbon molds into a backpack.


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